Statistics and references

beyondblue uses statistics from trusted references and research.

Statistics have been categorised in alphabetical order below, click the relevant category for the statistic you're looking for:

Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples 

In 2011, 1 in 7 Australians reported experiencing discrimination because of their colour or background, and this can influence how conditions such as depression, anxiety and suicide are experienced and how the person goes about seeking help and treatment.

Markus, A. (2011). Mapping social cohesion. Victoria: Scanlon Foundation. 

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A recent social wellbeing survey showed 72% of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people reported feeling happy, 59% reported feeling calm and peaceful and 57% reported feeling full of life.

Australian Bureau of Statistics. (2015). The Health and Welfare of Australia's Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Peoples, 2010, Canberra: ABS

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Just over one third (33.5 per cent) of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people aged 15 years and over felt that they had been treated unfairly at least once in the previous 12 months, because they were of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander origin1, while detailed local-area research has found that up to four out of five Indigenous people regularly experience racism2.

1. Australian Bureau of Statistics. (2015). National Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Social Survey, 2014-15. Cat. no. (4714.0) Canberra: ABS

2. Paradies, Y. (2014). Racism and indigenous mental health. Presentation to beyondblue. 20 March 2014.

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Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people are nearly three times more likely to be psychologically distressed than other Australians and twice as likely to die by suicide.

Australian Bureau of Statistics (2015) Australian Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Health Survey: First Results, 2012-13, Cat. no. (4727.0.55.001) Canberra: ABS

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There is a ‘dose’ effect: the risk of high or very high levels of psychological distress increases as the volume of racism increases.

Ferdinand, Angeline. & Paradies, Yin. & Kelaher, Margaret. & Lowitja Institute, issuing body.  (2013).  Mental health impacts of racial discrimination in Victorian Aboriginal communities: the Localities Embracing and Accepting Diversity (LEAD) Experiences of Racisim Survey.  Victoria: Lowitja Institute.

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Over half of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people who experience racial discrimination report feelings of psychological distress, meaning they can go on to develop anxiety and depression. 

Zubrick, S., Dudgeon, P., Gee, G., Glaskin, B., Kelly, K., Paradies, Y., et al. (2010). Social Determinants of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Social and Emotional Wellbeing. In N. Purdie, P. Dudgeon & R. Walker (Eds.), Working Together: Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Health and Wellbeing Principles and Practice (pp. 75-90). Canberra: Office of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Health, Department of Ageing.

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Almost one third of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people experience high or very high levels of psychological distress – nearly three times the rate for non-Indigenous Australians. 

Australian Bureau of Statistics (2015) Australian Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Health Survey: First Results, 2012-13, Cat. no. (4727.0.55.001) Canberra: ABS

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In a recent Victorian study, Mental health impacts of racial discrimination in Victorian Aboriginal communities: the Localities Embracing and Accepting Diversity (LEAD) Experiences of Racism Survey, by The Lowitja Institute, an overwhelming majority (97 per cent) of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people surveyed experienced racism multiple times.

Ferdinand, Angeline. & Paradies, Yin. & Kelaher, Margaret. & Lowitja Institute, issuing body.  (2013).  Mental health impacts of racial discrimination in Victorian Aboriginal communities: the Localities Embracing and Accepting Diversity (LEAD) Experiences of Racisim Survey.  Victoria: Lowitja Institute.

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In a Victorian study by The Lowitja Institute, 97 per cent of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people surveyed experienced racism multiple times. The study showed this increased their risk of psychological distress. Subtle forms of racial discrimination such as ‘being left out or avoided’ were shown to be just as harmful to mental health as more overt forms.

Ferdinand, Angeline. & Paradies, Yin. & Kelaher, Margaret. & Lowitja Institute, issuing body.  (2013).  Mental health impacts of racial discrimination in Victorian Aboriginal communities: the Localities Embracing and Accepting Diversity (LEAD) Experiences of Racisim Survey.  Victoria: Lowitja Institute.

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Over half (56 per cent) of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people who experience discrimination report feelings of psychological distress.

Australian Institute of Health and Welfare 2011. The health and welfare of Australia’s Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people, an overview 2011. Cat. no. IHW 42. Canberra: AIHW.

Mental health conditions

One in 5 Australians experience a mental health condition in a given year and almost one in 2 will experience a mental health condition at some point in their lifetime.

Australian Bureau of Statistics. (2008). National Survey of Mental Health and Wellbeing: Summary of Results, 2007 (4326.0). Canberra: Australian Bureau of Statistics.

Anxiety

Anxiety is the most common mental health condition in Australia. On average, 1 in 4 people – 1 in 3 women and 1 in 5 men – will experience anxiety.

Australian Bureau of Statistics. (2008). National Survey of Mental Health and Wellbeing: Summary of Results, 2007. Cat. no. (4326.0). Canberra: ABS.
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In a 12-month period, over two million Australians experience anxiety

Australian Bureau of Statistics. (2008). National Survey of Mental Health and Wellbeing: Summary of Results, 2007. Cat. no. (4326.0). Canberra: ABS.
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Research suggests that people with certain personality traits are more likely to have anxiety.
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Every year in Australia, approximately 14 per cent of the population (1 in 7) experiences an anxiety disorder and 2.7 per cent experiences GAD. Nearly 6 per cent of the population will experience GAD in their lifetime.

Australian Bureau of Statistics. (2008). National Survey of Mental Health and Wellbeing: Summary of Results, 2007. Cat. no. (4326.0). Canberra: ABS. 
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Research suggests that 10 per cent of the Australian population experiences social phobia during their lifetime, with 4.7 per cent experiencing social phobia in a 12-month period. More women than men appear to develop the disorder.

Australian Bureau of Statistics. (2008). National Survey of Mental Health and Wellbeing: Summary of Results, 2007. Cat. no. (4326.0). Canberra: ABS. 
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Close to 3 per cent of people in Australia experience OCD in their lifetime and approximately 2 per cent in a 12 month period.

Australian Bureau of Statistics. (2008). National Survey of Mental Health and Wellbeing: Summary of Results, 2007. Cat no. (4326.0). Canberra: ABS. 
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Around 12 per cent of Australians will experience PTSD in their lifetime. Serious accidents are one of the leading causes of PTSD in Australia.

Australian Bureau of Statistics. (2008). National Survey of Mental Health and Wellbeing: Summary of Results, 2007. Cat. no. (4326.0). Canberra: ABS. 
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Up to 40 per cent of the population will experience a panic attack at some time in their life.

Australian Bureau of Statistics. (2008). National Survey of Mental Health and Wellbeing: Summary of Results, 2007. Cat. no. (4326.0). Canberra: ABS. 
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Approximately 5 per cent of people in Australia will experience panic disorder in their lifetime, with 2.6 per cent experiencing panic disorder over a 12-month period. 

Australian Bureau of Statistics. (2008). National Survey of Mental Health and Wellbeing: Summary of Results, 2007. Cat. no. (4326.0). Canberra: ABS. 

Depression

3 million Australians are living with depression or anxiety

Australian Bureau of Statistics. (2008). National Survey of Mental Health and Wellbeing: Summary of Results, 2007. Cat. no. (4326.0). Canberra: ABS. 

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On average, around 1 in 6 women and 1 in 8 men will experience some level of depression.

Australian Bureau of Statistics. (2008). National Survey of Mental Health and Wellbeing: Summary of Results, 2007. Cat. no. (4326.0). Canberra: ABS. 

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Nearly three million Australians live with depression and/or anxiety, which affect their wellbeing, personal relationships, career and productivity.

Australian Bureau of Statistics. (2008). National Survey of Mental Health and Wellbeing: Summary of Results, 2007. Cat. no. (4326.0). Canberra: ABS. 

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Only 35 per cent of Australians with anxiety and depression access treatment.

Australian Bureau of Statistics. (2008). National Survey of Mental Health and Wellbeing: Summary of Results, 2007. Cat. no. (4326.0). Canberra: ABS. 

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Men are less likely to seek help than women, with only 1 in 4 men who experience anxiety or depression accessing treatment.

Australian Bureau of Statistics. (2008). National Survey of Mental Health and Wellbeing: Summary of Results, 2007. Cat. no. (4326.0). Canberra: ABS. 

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Depression is the leading cause of disability worldwide. In Australia, it's estimated that 45 per cent of people will experience a mental health condition in their lifetime.

Australian Bureau of Statistics. (2008). National Survey of Mental Health and Wellbeing: Summary of Results, 2007. Cat. no. (4326.0). Canberra: ABS. 

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In any one year, around 1 million Australian adults have depression, and over 2 million have anxiety.

Australian Bureau of Statistics. (2008). National Survey of Mental Health and Wellbeing: Summary of Results, 2007. Cat. no. (4326.0). Canberra: ABS. 

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On average, 1 in 6 people – 1 in 5 women and 1 in 8 men – will experience depression at some stage of their lives.

Australian Bureau of Statistics. (2008). National Survey of Mental Health and Wellbeing: Summary of Results, 2007. Cat. no. (4326.0). Canberra: ABS. 

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Research suggests that over 40 per cent of Australians with a mental health condition have a chronic physical illness, and that having a chronic physical illness puts a person at greater risk of developing depression

Jacka, F.N., Pasco, J.A., Henry, M.J., Korn, S., Williams, L.J., Motowicz, M.A., Nicholson, G.C., Berk, M. (2007). Depression and bone mineral density in a community sample of men: Geelong Osteoporosis Study. Journal of Men’s Health and Gender. Vol. 4 (3), pp.292-297.

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Research shows job or financial loss can increase a person's risk of health problems, such as depression and anxiety.

Price, R.H., Choi, J.N. and Vinokur, A.D. (2002). Links in the chain of adversity following job loss: How financial strain and loss of personal control lead to depression, impaired functioning, and poor health. Journal of Occupational Health Psychology, 7(4), 302-312.

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Over 500,000 Australians will experience depression and a substance use disorder at the same time, at some point in their lives.

Australian Bureau of Statistics. (2008). National Survey of Mental Health and Wellbeing: Summary of Results, 2007. Cat. no. (4326.0). Canberra: ABS. 

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Three million Australians are currently experiencing anxiety or depression.

Australian Bureau of Statistics. (2008). National Survey of Mental Health and Wellbeing: Summary of Results, 2007. Cat. no. (4326.0). Canberra: ABS. 

LGBTI

LGBTI

Throughout the beyondblue website lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, intersex (LGBTI) and bodily, gender, and sexuality diverse people and communities are referred to with the acronym LGBTI. We recognise that there are distinct differences across the individual identities and bodily states in these communities and a wide range of diversity.

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Intersex people

Pitts M, Smith A, Mitchell A, Patel S. (2006). Private lives: a report on the health and wellbeing of GLBTI Australians. Australian Research Centre in Sex, Health and Society, La Trobe University. Melbourne: La Trobe University, Australian Research Centre in Sex, Health and Society.

Jones, T, Hart, B, Carpenter, M, Ansara, G, Leonard, W, Lucke, J. (2016) Intersex. Stories and Statistics from Australia. Jones. Cambridge, UK: Open Book Publishers.

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Trans

Trans is being used here as an umbrella term to cover a diverse range of experiences of sex and gender and ways of describing oneself such as trans, transgender, transsexual, genderqueer, gender questioning etc. This term has been adopted based on: Aizura, A.Z., Walsh, J., Pike, A., Ward, R., & Jak, 2010. Gender Questioning. A joint project of Trans Melbourne Gender Project, Gay and Lesbian Health Victoria & Rainbow Network Victoria. Accessed at Gay and Lesbian Health Victoria's website

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Almost half of gay, lesbian, bisexual, trans and intersex (GLBTI) people hide their sexuality or gender identity because they fear violence or discrimination, with young people aged 16 to 24 more likely to do so than any other age group.

William Leonard, Marian Pitts, Anne Mitchell, Anthony Lyons, Anthony Smith, Sunil Patel, Murray Couch and Anna Barrett. (2012). Private Lives 2: The second national survey of the health and wellbeing of gay, lesbian, bisexual and transgender (GLBT) Australians. Monograph Series Number 86. Melbourne: The Australian Research Centre in Sex, Health & Society, La Trobe University. 

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Almost 50 per cent of gay men living with HIV in Australia report feeling depressed. 

Corboz J, Dowsett G, Mitchell A, Couch M, Agius P, Pitts M. (2008). Feeling Queer and Blue: A Review of the Literature on Depression and Related Issues among Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual and Other Homosexually Active People. A Report from the Australian Research Centre in Sex, Health and Society, La Trobe University, prepared for beyondblue. Melbourne: La Trobe University, Australian Research Centre in Sex, Health and Society.

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Studies consistently show that bisexual people have even higher rates of depression or depressive symptoms than homosexual people, 

Corboz J, Dowsett G, Mitchell A, Couch M, Agius P, Pitts M. (2008). Feeling Queer and Blue: A Review of the Literature on Depression and Related Issues among Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual and Other Homosexually Active People. A Report from the Australian Research Centre in Sex, Health and Society, La Trobe University, prepared for beyondblue. Melbourne: La Trobe University, Australian Research Centre in Sex, Health and Society.

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An Australian survey of GLBTI people found around 60 per cent of transgender males reported having depression.

Pitts M, Smith A, Mitchell A, Patel S. (2006). Private lives: a report on the health and wellbeing of GLBTI Australians. Australian Research Centre in Sex, Health and Society, La Trobe University. Melbourne: La Trobe University, Australian Research Centre in Sex, Health and Society.

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Among LGBTI populations, research clearly indicates that discrimination, abuse (both verbal and physical), exclusion and prejudice are key contributors to the increased rates of depression, anxiety and self-harm.

Leonard, W., Lyons, A., & Bariola, E. (2015). A closer look at Private Lives 2: Addressing the mental health and well-being of lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) Australians. Monograph Series No. 103. The Australian Research Centre in Sex, Health & Society, La Trobe University: Melbourne.

Rosenstreich, G. (2013) LGBTI People Mental Health and Suicide. Revised 2nd Edition. National LGBTI Health Alliance. Sydney. 

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When compared with heterosexual people, homosexual and bisexual people are twice as likely to experience anxiety (31.5 per cent compared with 14.1 per cent) and three times as likely to experience depression and related disorders (19 per cent compared with 6 per cent).

Australian Bureau of Statistics. (2008). National Survey of Mental Health and Wellbeing: Summary of Results, 2007. Cat. no. (4326.0). Canberra: ABS. 

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Around 10 per cent of young Australians experience same-sex attraction, most realising this around puberty.

Hillier, L, Jones T, Monagle M, Overton N, Gahan L, Blackman J, Mitchell A. (2010). Writing Themselves In 3: the third national study on the sexual health and well being of same sex attracted and gender questioning young people. Melbourne: Australian Research Centre in Sex Heath and Society, La Trobe University. 

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In an Australian study, 61 per cent of young non-heterosexual people reported experiencing verbal abuse and 18 per cent reported physical abuse.

Pitts M, Smith A, Mitchell A, Patel S. (2006). Private lives: a report on the health and wellbeing of GLBTI Australians. Australian Research Centre in Sex, Health and Society, La Trobe University. Melbourne: La Trobe University, Australian Research Centre in Sex, Health and Society.

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A 2007 survey of Australian and New Zealand transgender people found that almost 90 per cent had experienced at least one form of stigma or discrimination, including verbal abuse, social exclusion, receiving lesser treatment due to their name or sex on documents, physical threats and violence. 

Couch M, Pitts M, Mulcare H, Croy S, Mitchell A, Patel S. Tranznation: A report on the health and wellbeing of transgender people in Australia and New Zealand. Australian Research Centre in Sex, Health and Society, La Trobe University. Melbourne: La Trobe University, Australian Research Centre in Sex, Health and Society.

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Almost two thirds of participants reported modifying their activities due to fear of stigma or discrimination. 

Couch M, Pitts M, Mulcare H, Croy S, Mitchell A, Patel S. Tranznation: A report on the health and wellbeing of transgender people in Australia and New Zealand. Australian Research Centre in Sex, Health and Society, La Trobe University. Melbourne: La Trobe University, Australian Research Centre in Sex, Health and Society. 

Hyde Z, Doherty M, Tilley PJM, McCaul KA, Rooney R, Jancey J (2014) The First Australian National Trans Mental Health Study: Summary of Results. School of Public Health, Curtin University, Perth, Australia.

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People experiencing a greater number of different types of discrimination were more likely to report being currently depressed.

Couch M, Pitts M, Mulcare H, Croy S, Mitchell A, Patel S. Tranznation: A report on the health and wellbeing of transgender people in Australia and New Zealand. Australian Research Centre in Sex, Health and Society, La Trobe University. Melbourne: La Trobe University, Australian Research Centre in Sex, Health and Society.

Men 

Anxiety is one of the most common health conditions in Australia. For men, anxiety is even more common than depression – 1 in 5 men will experience anxiety at some point. 

Australian Bureau of Statistics. (2008). National Survey of Mental Health and Wellbeing: Summary of Results, 2007. Cat. no. (4326.0). Canberra: ABS.

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On average, 1 in 8 men will have depression and 1 in 5 men will experience anxiety at some stage of their lives.

Australian Bureau of Statistics. (2008). National Survey of Mental Health and Wellbeing: Summary of Results, 2007. Cat. no. (4326.0). Canberra: ABS. 

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Men are less likely to seek help than women, with only 1 in 4 men who experience anxiety or depression accessing treatment. 

Australian Bureau of Statistics. (2008). National Survey of Mental Health and Wellbeing: Summary of Results, 2007. Cat. no. (4326.0). Canberra: ABS. 

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Depression is a high risk factor for suicide and, in Australia, there are approximately 3,000 suicides each year. 75 per cent are by men – with an average of 6 men taking their lives every single day. Suicide is the leading cause of death for men under the age of 54, significantly exceeding the national road toll.

Australian Bureau of Statistics. (2016). Causes of Death Australia 2014, preliminary data., Cat. no. (3303.0). Canberra: ABS

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Prolonged or excessive job stress is a risk factor for mental health problems, and accounts for 13 per cent of depression in working men.

D LaMontagne, A., Keegel, T., Vallance, D., Ostry, A., & Wolfe, R. (2008). Job strain — Attributable depression in a sample of working Australians: Assessing the contribution to health inequalities. BMC Public Health.

Multicultural communities 

Australia has a vibrant, culturally diverse society, with over 40 per cent of the population either born overseas or with a parent born overseas.

Australian Bureau of Statistics. (2013). Reflecting a Nation: Stories from the 2011 Census. Cat. no. (2071.0). Canberra: ABS.

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In 2011, 1 in 7 Australians reported experiencing discrimination because of their colour or background.

Markus, A. (2011). Mapping social cohesion. Victoria: Scanlon Foundation.

Older adults

Between 10 and 15 percent of older adults experience depression, and approximately 10 percent experience anxiety.

National Ageing Research Institute. (2009). Depression in older age: a scoping study. Final Report. Melbourne: beyondblue

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Rates of depression among people living in residential aged-care facilities are believed to be much higher, at around 35 per cent.

National Ageing Research Institute. (2009). Depression in older age: a scoping study. Final Report. Melbourne: beyondblue

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Age discrimination can negatively impact upon older peoples’ mental health.

Australian Human Rights Commission. (2015). National prevalence survey of age discrimination in the workplace. NSW: Australian Human Rights Commission.

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Depression is 3 to 4 times more common in people with dementia compared to older people without dementia.

Alzheimers Australia

Suicide 

An average of eight Australians take their own lives every day.

Australian Bureau of Statistics. (2016). Causes of Death, Australia 2015, preliminary data., Cat. no. (3303.0). Canberra: ABS. 

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In Australia, suicide is the leading cause of death for males and females aged between 15 and 44. In a typical year, about 3,000 people in Australia die by suicide. That's an average of 8 people every day.

Australian Bureau of Statistics. (2016). Causes of Death, Australia 2015, preliminary data., Cat. no. (3303.0). Canberra: ABS.

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A suicide attempt is the most significant risk factor for further suicidal behaviour.

Hunt, I.M., et al. (2008). Suicide in recently discharged psychiatric patients: a case-control study. Psychological Medicine. 39(03): p. 443-9.

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People who survive a suicide attempt are often resistant to engage in follow-up treatment.

Hunt, I.M., et al. (2008). Suicide in recently discharged psychiatric patients: a case-control study. Psychological Medicine. 39(03): p. 443-9.

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About 50 per cent of those who attempt suicide don't attend any treatment post-discharge.

Hunt, I.M., et al. (2008). Suicide in recently discharged psychiatric patients: a case-control study. Psychological Medicine. 39(03): p. 443-9. 

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Another 10 per cent attend only 1 week of treatment.

Hunt, I.M., et al. (2008). Suicide in recently discharged psychiatric patients: a case-control study. Psychological Medicine. 39(03): p. 443-9.

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Of those who attend treatment, 38 per cent stop within 3 months.

Hunt, I.M., et al. (2008). Suicide in recently discharged psychiatric patients: a case-control study. Psychological Medicine. 39(03): p. 443-9.

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15–25 per cent re-attempt and 5–10 per cent die by suicide.

Hunt, I.M., et al. (2008). Suicide in recently discharged psychiatric patients: a case-control study. Psychological Medicine. 39(03): p. 443-9.

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The highest risk period is 3 months following a suicide attempt.

Hunt, I.M., et al. (2008). Suicide in recently discharged psychiatric patients: a case-control study. Psychological Medicine. 39(03): p. 443-9.

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For those making a living from the land, there is some evidence to suggest that the farm environment is hazardous to mental health, with farmers experiencing high rates of stress and depression. In Australia, male farmers die by suicide at rates significantly higher than the general population and non-farming rural males.

Mendoza J, Rosenberg S. (2010). Suicide and suicide prevention in Australia: breaking the silence, 2011. QLD: ConNetica Consulting.

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We can define psychic trauma as an experience with such intensity or meaning as to injure the psychic apparatus-the mental, physical, and social systems that provide the framework for psychic life.

Gordon, R. (2007). Thirty years of trauma work: clarifying and broadening the consequences of trauma. Psychotherapy In Australia, 13 (3), pp. 12-19.

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One in ten young people aged 12-17 years old will self-harm, one in 13 will seriously consider a suicide attempt, and one in 40 young people will attempt suicide. 

Lawrence D, Johnson S, Hafekost J, Boterhoven De Haan K, Sawyer M, Ainley J, Zubrick SR. (2015). The Mental Health of Children and Adolescents. Report on the second Australian Child and Adolescent Survey of Mental Health and Wellbeing. Canberra: Department of Health.

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Youth suicide is a problem that affects families every day in Australia. It is the leading cause of death among young people between the ages of 15-24 years.

Australian Human Rights Commission (2014). Children’s Rights Report 2014. Sydney: Australian Human Rights Commission.

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The Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) has reported that intentional self-harm is the leading cause of death among Australian children and young people aged 15-24 years, with around 391 people aged between 15 and 24 dying by suicide in 2015.

Australian Bureau of Statistics (2016). Causes of death, 2015 Cat. no. 3303.0. ABS: Canberra.

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Although these are startling numbers, what is even more concerning is what we don’t know. Research reports that in this age group for every one suicide there are approximately 100-200 suicide attempts.
 
Goldsmith SK, Pellmar TC, Kleinman AM, Bunney  WE, editors. (2002). Reducing suicide: a national imperative. Washington, DC: National Academy Press.

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Suicide is the leading cause of death in men under the age of 45 and women under 35.

Australian Bureau of Statistics. (2016). Causes of Death Australia 2015, preliminary data. Cat. no. (3303.0). Canberra: ABS.

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Suicide rates for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people are approximately twice those of non-Indigenous Australians.

Australian Bureau of Statistics. (2012). Suicides in Australia, 2010. Cat. no. (3309.0). Canberra: ABS.

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Every year more than 62,000 people attempt to take their own lives.

Australian Bureau of Statistics. (2008). National survey of mental health and wellbeing: summary of results, 2007. Cat. no. (4326.0). Canberra: ABS.

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In Australia, men account for 75 per cent of deaths by suicide.

Australian Bureau of Statistics. (2016). Causes of Death, Australia 2015, preliminary data., Cat. no. (3303.0). Canberra: ABS.

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The number of suicides by young women aged 14-25 years now exceeds that of young men

Australian Bureau of Statistics. (2015). Causes of Death, Australia, 2014. Cat. no. (3303.0). Canberra: ABS.

Perinatal depression and anxiety conditions

1 in 100 births result in stillbirth or newborn death.

Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (2016). Australia’s mothers and babies 2014—in brief. Perinatal statistics series no. 31. Cat no. PER 72. Canberra: AIHW.

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Around one in six couples face infertility, as many as one in four identified pregnancies end in miscarriage.

Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (2016). Australia’s mothers and babies 2014—in brief. Perinatal statistics series no. 31. Cat no. PER 72. Canberra: AIHW.

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Depression affects up to 1 in 10 women while they are pregnant and almost 1 in 7 women during the first year after the birth. Anxiety is likely to be at least as common. 

Perinatal Mental Health Consortium.(2008). National Action Plan for Perinatal Mental Health 2008–2010, Full Report. Melbourne: beyondblue.

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1 in 10 fathers will experience postnatal depression.

Paulson JF, Bazemore SD. (2010). Prenatal and postpartum depression in fathers and its association with maternal depression: a meta-analysis. Jama. May 19;303(19):1961-9.

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Low mood affects around 50% of new mothers in the first weeks after delivery (baby blues), but this is usually mild and transient.

Howard LM, Molyneaux E, Dennis CL, Rochat T, Stein A, Milgrom J. (2014). Non-psychotic mental disorders in the perinatal period. The Lancet, 21;384(9956):1775-88.

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Puerperal (postpartum) psychosis is a very rare, but severe mental health condition that is experienced by one or two in 1,000 women in the weeks after having a baby

National Health and Medical Research Council. (2000). Postnatal Depression: Not Just the Baby Blues. Canberra: Commonwealth of Australia.

Women

Around 1 in 5 women in Australia will experience depression and 1 in 3 women will experience anxiety during their lifetime

Australian Bureau of Statistics. (2008). National Survey of Mental Health and Wellbeing: Summary of Results, 2007. Cat. no. (4326.0). Canberra: ABS. 

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Women also experience post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)2 and eating disorders at higher rates than men.3
 
2. ABS National Survey of Mental Health and Wellbeing 2007, Summary of Results (cat.no. 4326.0).

3. Butterfly Foundation (2012). Paying the Price: The economic and social impact of eating disorders in Australia (p. 9). Crows Nest, NSW: The Butterfly Foundation. Retrieved from https://thebutterflyfoundation.org.au/assets/Uploads/Advocacy/Butterfly-Report-PayingthePrice.pdf 

Breakdown: Females comprise around 64% of people with an eating disorder

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One in four Australian women has experienced physical or sexual violence by an intimate partner.

Cox, P. (2015) Violence against women: Additional analysis of the Australian Bureau of Statistics' Personal Safety Survey 2012, Horizons Research Report, Issue 1, Australia’s National Research Organisation for Women’s Safety (ANROWS), Sydney.

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One in four Australian women has experienced emotional abuse by a current or former partner.

Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS), 2012.

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Of those women who experience violence, more than half have children in their care.

Cox, P. (2015)Violence against women: Additional analysis of the Australian Bureau of Statistics' Personal Safety Survey 2012, Horizons Research Report, Issue 1, Australia’s National Research Organisation for Women’s Safety (ANROWS), Sydney.

Young people 

Young men are less likely to seek help, with only 13 per cent of young men aged 16 to 24 years seeking help for a mental health difficulty compared with 31 per cent of young women.

Slade, T., et al. (2009). The mental health of Australians 2: Report on the 2007 national survey of mental health and wellbeing. Canberra: Department of Health and Ageing.

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Long-standing research suggesting one in five adolescents experience depression by the time they reach 18 years of age.

Australian Institute of Health and Welfare. (2011). Young Australians: their health and wellbeing, 2011. Cat. no. (PHE 140). Canberra: AIHW

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Over 75% of mental health problems occur before the age of 25.

Kessler, RD et al. (2005). Lifetime prevalence and age-of-onset distributions of DSM-IV disorders in the National Comorbidity Survey Replication. Archives of General Psychiatry, 62: p. 593-602.

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One in seven (14%) of young people aged 4 to 17 years experience a mental health condition in any given year.

Lawrence D, Johnson S, Hafekost J, Boterhoven De Haan K, Sawyer M, Ainley J, Zubrick SR. (2015). The Mental Health of Children and Adolescents. Report on the second Australian Child and Adolescent Survey of Mental Health and Wellbeing. Canberra: Department of Health.

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Young people are less likely than any other age group to seek professional help.

Slade T, Johnston A, Teesson M, Whiteford H, Burgess P, Pirkis J, et al. (2009). The Mental Health of Australians 2: Report on the 2007 National Survey of Mental Health and Wellbeing. Canberra: Department of Health and Ageing.

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Research shows that four out of five Australian teenagers think people their age may not seek support for depression or anxiety because they’re afraid of what others will think of them.

MediaCom Melbourne. (2015). youthbeyondblue Anxiety and Depression Ad Tracking Survey Post Campaign Research (p. 7).

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Focus on younger people is important as research suggests that 50 per cent of mental health conditions emerge by age 14, so it’s vital to intervene as early as possible.

Kessler, RD et al. (2005). Lifetime prevalence and age-of-onset distributions of DSM-IV disorders in the National Comorbidity Survey Replication. Archives of General Psychiatry, 62: p. 593-602.

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Depression and anxiety are among the most common mental health problems experienced by young people. One in 7 young men aged between 16 and 24 experience depression or anxiety each year.

Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (2011). Young Australians: their health and wellbeing 2011. Cat. no. (PHE 140) Canberra: AIHW

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In Australia, one in six young people aged 16 to 24 years is currently experiencing an anxiety condition, and one in 16 young Australians is currently experiencing depression. 

Australian Bureau of Statistics.(2008). National Survey of Mental Health and Wellbeing: Summary of Results, 2007. Cat. no. (4326.0). Canberra: ABS.

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Depression often emerges during adolescence, with long-standing research suggesting 1 in 5 adolescents experience depression by the time they reach 18 years.

Kessler RC, Berglund P, Demler O, Jin R, Merikangas KR & Walters EE. (2005). Lifetime prevalence and age of onset distributions of DSM-IV Disorders in the National Comorbidity Survey replication.  Archives of General Psychiatry, 62, p 593.

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Half of all mental health conditions in adulthood begin before the age of 14.

Lawrence D, Johnson S, Hafekost J, Boterhoven De Haan K, Sawyer M, Ainley J, Zubrick SR. (2015). The Mental Health of Children and Adolescents. Report on the second Australian Child and Adolescent Survey of Mental Health and Wellbeing. Canberra: Department of Health.